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 PAYING THE POOR DUE

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aliziad_sali
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Number of posts : 98
Localisation : Abu-bakr Assidiq Islamic Centre, Dubai U.A.E.
Emploi : "one GOD on creed, under the flag of laailahailallah.."
Loisirs : - at the end of time, the sun will rise from the west -
Registration date : 2007-07-20

PostSubject: PAYING THE POOR DUE   Mon Aug 06, 2007 11:23 pm

PAYING THE POOR DUE


By Ali-Ziad Natcher Alam Sali


Allah ordained every Muslim who possesses a certain amount of property to pay annually the Zakat (poor due) to the poor or to the other categories mentioned in the Qur’an.
The minimum amount of gold liable to payment of Zakat is 20 miskals of gold (a miskal is equal to 4.68 grams) and the minimum amount of silver is 200 dirhams (a dirham is a weight that equals 3.12 grams) or an equivalent sum of current money to this amount.
There is also a minimum amount for goods of commerce liable to payment of Zakat. As for cereals and grains, its minimum amount is 300 saa (a saa’ is a cubic measure used by Arabs). The minimum amount for real estates prepared for sale should be estimated in accordance with its value, but if the real estate is prepared for lease, the estimation should be in accordance with its rent.
The annual amount of Zakat fixed on gold, silver and goods of commerce is 2.5%. As for cereals, grains and fruits, the fixed amount of Zakat is 10% of the crop, if the crop is the yield of an easily irrigated land (ie a land irrigated by rivers spring or rain), but if the land is irrigated with difficulty by man-made means such as pumps or other lifting apparatus, the amount of Zakat becomes only 5%. Zakat of grains, fruits and crops is due at the harvest time. In case of a land that yields two or three harvests annually, one should pay the Zakat for each harvest independently.
The amount of Zakat due on camels, cows and sheep is explained in books dealing with this subject.
Zakat is enjoined in the Qur’an:
“And they have been commanded no more than this: To worship Allah offering Him sincere devotion. Being True (in faith); to establish regular prayer, and to give Zakat; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.” (98:5).
In fact the Zakat has a wonderful social role. It soothes the poor’s feelings, satisfies their needs, and strengthens the bonds of mutual love among the poor and the rich.
Zakat is not the only means that Islam has used to maintain social solidarity and co-operation among Muslims, but Islam imposes also on the rich to support the poor at times of famines. Islam prohibits the Muslim from being sated with food while his neighbour is hungry.
Islam enjoined also Zakat al-Fitr (Fitr-Fast-Due) on all Muslims and has made it a duty on every one of them to distribute a saa (a cubic measure) of elementary substances for himself and a similar saa for each one of those whom he supports, including his servants. The whole amount should be distributed among the poor, before the Eid al-Fitr prayer. Islam imposed also expiatory gifts on the Muslim who commits perjury (that is to feed 10 poor people or clothe them or to fast three days, if he is unable to feed or clothe the poor). The Muslim is commanded to perform his vows, and practise voluntary charity. Allah promised to give the best rewards for those who expend their money for His sake. Their rewards will not only be multiplied tenfold, but to 700 times, or even to a boundless number.






Truly yours,

Ali-ziad Natcher Alam Sali
(aznas0429@yahoo.com)


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