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 ISLAM: Allah guides whom He wills to the right path

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aliziad_sali
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Localisation : Abu-bakr Assidiq Islamic Centre, Dubai U.A.E.
Emploi : "one GOD on creed, under the flag of laailahailallah.."
Loisirs : - at the end of time, the sun will rise from the west -
Registration date : 2007-07-20

PostSubject: ISLAM: Allah guides whom He wills to the right path   Wed Aug 01, 2007 11:11 pm





Allah guides whom He wills to the right path




By : Ali-Ziad Natcher Alam Sali


Verily, you guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are guided. And they say: “If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land.” Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary, to which are brought fruits of all kinds – a provision from Us, but most of them know not. [Al-Qur’an 28: 56-57]
Ibn Katheer says: “Allah says to His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ‘O Muhammad! ...you guide no whom you like... That is not for you to decide. You are merely charged with delivering the Message and it is Allah who guides whom He will, for His is the most eloquent Wisdom and the most irrefutable evidence. As Allah says: It is not for you [O Prophet] to guide them to the right path, but Allah guides whom he wills to the right path. [Al-Qur’an 2:272]
And:
And most of the people will not believe even though you [O Messenger] may desire it. [Al-Qur’an 12:103] And this verse in Surah Al-Qasas is more precise than this for Allah says here: Verily, you guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are guided. That is, He knows best those who are deserving of guidance from those who deserve to go astray, and it is authentically reported in the saheehain that this verse was revealed concerning Abu Talib, the paternal uncle of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), for he used to protect him and help him and take his side, and he loved him very much – that is naturally (as a blood relative), not in accordance with the Law (as a brother in faith). So when death approached him, and his time was near, Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) called him to believe in Allah Alone without partners and to enter into the fold of Islam, but what had been ordained for him overtook him, and he was plucked from his hand, remaining until the end one of the disbelievers – and the most complete wisdom belongs to Allah.
It is reported on the authority of Sa’eed Ibn Masayyib that he heard from his father that he said: When death approached Abu Talib, Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) came to him and he found Abu Jahl and Abdullah Ibn Abi Umayyah Ibn Al-Mugheerah with him, and so he said “O uncle! Say Laa ilaaha illAllah” a testimony by which I will intercede with Allah on your behalf. But Abu Jahl and Abdullah Ibn Abi Umayyah said: O Abu Talib! Will you reject the religion of Abdul Muttalib?” Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), continued to urge him upon it [to declare that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah] while they repeated their question, until his final words, which were that he remained upon the religion of Abdul Muttalib, and he refused to say: Laa ilaaha illAllah.” And so the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, : By Allah I will continue to ask forgiveness for you until I am forbidden to do so.” So Allah revealed: It is not for the Prophet nor those who believed in him to seek forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they may be kin [to them] [Al-Qur’an 9:113] And He revealed concerning Abu Talib: Verily, you guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills.” [Narrated by Az-Zuhri] This was likewise reported by Muslim in his saheeh and by At-Tirmidhi, on the authority of Abu Hurairah (radiallahu ‘anhu).
And they say: If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land.
That is, they made excuses for rejecting the guidance, saying, “We fear that should we follow the guidance which you have brought and differ with the pagan Arab tribes around us, they will cause harm to us and make war against us and attack us and rob us wherever they find us.” And so Allah answers them thus: Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary? That is, this excuse which they bring is a lie; it is false, for Allah placed them in this city which is safe and sanctified. So how can it be that this holy place be given to them while they are disbelievers and polytheists, but taken away from them if they embrace Islam and follow the truth?
To which are brought fruits of all kinds
That is, every kind of fruit, from the surrounding areas such as Taif and others, and likewise there comes to you trade and all the necessities of life.
A provision from Us That is, from that which is with Us
But most of them know not And this is why they spoke as they did.
It is reported that it was Al-Harith Ibn Amir who said: “If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land.” [An-Nasaa’ee]
Ibn Jareer says, concerning Allah’s words: a secure sanctuary, “That is, a city in which it is forbidden for the people to spill blood.”
An-Naisaboori says that the verse, “If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land.”, was revealed concerning Al-Harith Ibn Uthman Ibn ‘Abdu Manaf, because he said to the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), “Verily we know that what you say is true, but we are prevented from following you because the Arabs will seize our land, because they would all be united in a belief contrary to ours, and we would have no way to oppose them. And so Allah revealed this verse.
[From the Book Selected Qur’anic Verses Explained From the Tafseer of At-Tabari, Ibn Katheer And Ibn Al-Qayyim Translated by: Sameh Strauch, International Islamic Publishing House, Publisher 1999]



Sincerely yours,
ALI-ZIAD NATCHER ALAM SALI
(aznas0429@yahoo.com)
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